Chocolate in the 19th century

You sound tired, Amy. How come?


The lady of the house let you go to the city with Charlotte the new maid yesterday? I thought she didn't want you being friends with her. 
Well, that's true. Someone had to go to the city with Charlotte. A young woman in the 19th century could never go alone.
You had to buy some material so Charlotte can sew a gown for the lady of the house? Oh, there's a big dance coming up - like, a ball?

Charlotte hid her injured hand the whole time in the pocket of her dress so no one would see it? 
That's sad. 
Okay. What's the good news?


A guy sitting across from you in the stagecoach while you were travelling to the city seemed to like Charlotte? He couldn't take his eyes off her? And you kept nudging her in the ribs so she'd talk to him?
Um, yeah, but nope. I think you should just back off on this kind of thing with her. I really don't think she's ready for another relationship after being dumped by her fiancé. Besides, she hasn't even come to the point where she feels okay showing her disfigured hand to people.

So, what else did you do in the city? You bought chocolate? I'm sure you loved every second of that!

In the mid 1800s, chocolate is becoming a popular luxury. For the first time ever, a box in the shape of a heart has been created for Valentine's Day.

In 1828, a Dutch fellow by the name of Casparus van Houten Sr. invented the cacao press - it squeezed out cacao butter from the mass of cacao, also creating the separate cacao powder which could be sold separately. Before this time, it was an intensive and tiring process to grind the cacao beans by hand.
It was in 1847 when the J. S.. Fry & Sons Company produced the first modern chocolate bar. The company became the largest commercial producer of chocolate in Britain. 
Although the chocolate you purchased in the city is dark, in 1875 a swiss named Daniel Peter will invent milk chocolate. In 1899 Queen Victoria will send a case made of tin and filled with chocolates to soldiers fighting in the Boer War in South Africa, wishing them a Happy New Year.

In the early 19th century, chocolate easter eggs were first made in France and Germany, gradually spreading to other countries such as England.
Cadbury's began in 1824 and will make their first easter egg in 1875, made from dark chocolate. Later the company will decorate their eggs, now milk chocolate, with coloured marzipan.

The first Cadbury's creme egg was produced in 1971.